The question, “Can viruses live in alkaline water?” remains a question of broad interest to scientists and virologists all over the world.
The pH range falls between 0-14, and values between 7-14 is considered alkaline, and this is the PH level favorable to animals like oysters, sea urchins, etc. The alkaline water, unlike others, is mostly found in the sea and oceans, and it often contains a high concentration of salt. Alkaline solutions usually contain more hydroxide ion than acidic or neutral solutions. Thus, alkaline solutions contain more oxygen that other forms of solutions. It has been scientifically proven that alkaline solutions absorb more than 20x oxygen content than acidic solutions which makes it unfavorable to the growth of microorganisms.
According to WebMD, alkaline water has tremendous health benefits, such as improvement of metabolism, digestion, and energy. While this could be debatable, it is an exciting tale to observe the world of microbes concerning alkaline water. While alkaline water could be of premium value to humans, it is, however, a complex upheave to assume that alkaline water would be of equal benefits to microbes.
Generally, microbes thrive more in neutral PH environments and a slightly acidic habitat, however, there are some extremophilic microbes that can survive at an alkaline medium in environments ranging from 8-10 on the PH scale. With more research and discoveries, a lot of alkaliphilic microbes have been discovered.
But one major class of microorganisms that offers a high sheer of economic importance are the Viruses. While some viruses could have some atheistic value, others could, however, be harmful, dangerous, and destructive; Viruses have a very tiny structure of fewer than 400 nanometers with capsids and protective layers that make them impermissible. The presence of these protective layers makes it difficult for drugs and other killing agents to penetrate.
However, despite these protective features, viruses cannot thrive in an alkaline environment. In alkaline water of PH above 8, its capsid and lipid layer gradually weakens, and the viral strain is exposed to an unfavorable temperature (usually below 25 degrees Celsius). This viral strain struggles to survive in this uncomfortable temperature and unfortunately dies.
Constituents and Components of Alkaline Water
Generally, the PH for pure water is 7. However, because of some impurities and mineral components, the PH of some would be altered. The basic PH range of alkalinity is 8-14, and this is as a result of some impurities and metallic ions such as hydroxide ions, calcium ions, and carbonic ions.
When these ions come in contact with a virus, they penetrate the virus lipid layer and destroy the viral strain. The alkaline water is unique and offers a lot of health benefits to humans. It is used for laboratory and microbial purposes.
Viruses and pH Levels
It is no doubt that the pH level is a cardinal factor of the environment, and both humans and microbial existence are solely dependent on it. And one of the active habitats for life existence is water, and with alkaline water generally an unfriendly zone for the existence of microbes, it could serve as a significant tool in eradicating a reducing the mortality of virus.
These observation has not been scientifically proven. However, a lot of bacteria have been known not to survive in an alkaline medium. This observation could reveal that a good number of the virus might not survive in an alkaline medium.
|Virus Common Name||Disease caused||PH|
|1. Adenovirus||Adenovirus infection, Pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, fever||7.82-11.00|
|2. Astrovirus||oenteritis, diarrhoea||6.00-8.00|
|3. Norovirus, winter vomiting bug||Gastroenteritis, fever||8.00-9.61|
|4. Coronavirus||Fever, respiratory disease, gastroenteritis||5.50-8.50|
|6. Hepatitis E virus, HEV||Hepatitis E||7.80|
|7. Coxsackie A virus||Hand, foot and mouth disease, paralysis, meningitis, fever, respiratory disease, myocarditis, heart anomalies||6.00-7.40|
|8. Echovirus||Meningitis, fever, respiratory disease, rush, gastroenteritis||7.00-7.77|
|10. Hepatitis A virus, HAV||Hepatitis A||7.35|
|11. JC virus||Progressive multifocal leukoenchalopathy||6.60-7.35|
Living Conditions For Viruses
Viruses can thrive in numerous habitats and ecological niches. Because of its microscopic size, it cannot be seen with human eyes, microscope or optical devices, and it can only be seen with an electron microscope which has a high magnification of more than 2000 x. It means that it can be on surfaces, basements, foods, and even in our body.
Generally, viruses are much more comfortable living inside a host, where it has the luxury of food, shelter, and protection. It can live inside a host for years, feeding and procreating.
Because of some special features such as capsid, and its lipid layer, it can live for years. Sometimes, the virus could live even longer than the host. Like in the case of facultative.
Generally, very few viruses can survive outsides its host, and even when they do, they tend to die off because of the harsh environmental condition, but inside its host, it could procreate and live for hundreds and thousands of years.
· All Viruses dwell in a pH level habitat;
All living things from the smallest to the largest living things survives in a unique PH range of habitat. This is one of the unique things about the world’s ecosystem. Whether it is parasites or mammals, all must have a unique and personal range of PH.
This PH affects our existence and the existence of things connected to us, such as food, water, and even air. At the same time, not all viruses can survive an alkaline water medium a lot can survive a neutral pH and even an acidic PH level.
· Not all Viruses are harmful.
While lots of microbes are known to be deadly and dangerous, however, some are essential to human life. Interestingly, most viruses are beneficial to our health. While these two-phases looms in the world of virology, it is, therefore, prime importance that while the world’s attention is directed towards annihilating as many viruses as possible, precautious step and research must be done to identify and preserve the helpful viruses, in other to improve the quality of life.
· The healthy path of consuming alkaline water
Alkaline water is of amazing benefits. It is essential for our health. The alkaline water is what is used for many research. It is often recommended for laboratory purposes, with increasing pace in research and technology the alkaline water a clean medium for research and microbial studies. Unlike acidic water, the alkaline water can be used for several lab purposes.
· Hygiene and cleanliness
Hygiene and cleanliness remain the sole factor in the fight against the virus. While virus exists in different media and could be transported via air, water, and others, personal hygiene and cleanliness remain a pivotal tool, as the most virus would hardly strive in a clean and tidy environment, by regularly deposing refusing and cleaning of the surface, reduces the spread of viruses. The use of antiseptics, soaps, and detergent, when cleaning and bathing, provides an alkaline medium, which makes it difficult for the virus to thrive and survive.
How To Perform The Alkaline Water Ph Test.
Cleaning and tidying the beaker, this should be done with soap and water, and sometimes with ethanol to ensure you are conducting the PH test with a clean beaker.
Insert a 6-7 drops into the beaker.
Gently shake the beaker to mix the solution with the water.
If the water is acidic, it will produce a deep orange color. If it is alkaline, it gives a purple to dark blue color.
The Groundbreaking Water Bottle That Turns Water Alkaline
One of the best alkaline water bottles you can find in the market today is Alkaline Blue. It creates alkaline water from tap water in minutes. The water goes through a sensational ionization process transforming your would be drinking water into a virus destroying 9.2 PH refreshing alkaline water. If you haven’t been drinking alkaline water lately your in for a surprise because this bottle is bigger and better than ever with the upgraded 550ml version constructed of stainless steel and borosilicate glass. You only will pay a fraction of the cost of what you would spend on alkaline water in a year. This eye-cathing bottle turns ordinary water into powerful bacteria-free PH water. Now is the best time to consider thinking twice about what you are drinking.
Man and Virus- The future
As health becomes a significant concern, it is no surprise that the third agenda on the United Nations sustainable development goals is Health and wellbeing. With major hits from pandemics such as coronavirus, Spanish flu, influenza, chickenpox, etc. Governments and large corporations are turning their focus and investments towards creating a much healthier society, and one way of doing such is reducing the population of the virus in existence.
One effective way of making such reductions is by targeting their habitat and making it uncomfortable for them to survive. And one of such habitat is the water.
While freshwater might be a luxury habitat for the existence of viruses, the alkaline water medium might just be hell, for specific viruses. Viruses such a Hantavirus, Adenovirus, often find it difficult to exist and survive in this medium.
But the major problem still resounds, as not all viruses can be transmitted through water, a lot of them can exist in many habitats, whereas alkaline water might be unfavorable to many species of viruses, however, a good number of viruses can be transmitted through the air, food, and even though childbirth. With its lengthy lifespan and speedy procreation rate, it is obvious that the major tool for this reduction is to develop drugs and vaccines that could eradicate these viruses, like in the case of chicken pus, measles, and polio. However, alkaline water remains an unfriendly environment for virus survival till this day.
2. WHO. com
3. Wikipedia. Com